||[Apr. 5th, 2005|05:43 pm]
In October of 2002, the United States suspected that North Korea was in possession of nuclear weapons after U.S.Assistant Secretary of State, James Kelly, found evidence of a secret-uranium-enriching program that defied the 1994 Agreed Framework . North Korea insisted that the need for these weapons was purely for self-defense and claimed they had ended all uranium programs. After U.S. Secretary of State, Condoleeza Rice’s comment that North Korea was one of the “six outposts for tyranny”, North Korea was angered and suspended participation in nuclear program talks for an indefinite period . Since then, North Korea has returned to these talks and the U.S. is working on persuading North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapon production. The North Koreans defied the 1994 Agreed Framework, which was aimed at keeping peace on the Korean peninsula, forcing the U.S. to take action by halting oil shipments to North Korea. |
North Korea feels that they have to produce nuclear weapons in order to guarantee their safety from the U.S. and any international coalition that might be threatened by their existence. The U.S.; however, feels that North Korea shouldn’t have these weapons because of North Korea’s refusal to comply with the 1994 Agreed Framework. This is understandable considering the fact that North Korea has the ambition and potential to expand its communism and invade nearby countries including South Korea.
Korea’s closest ally, China, was pulled into the international efforts to expel nuclear weapons from North Korea . China’s power over North Korea has aided in this difficult situation. It is in China’s interest to keep the peace because if the U.S. invades North Korea, China will be flooded with North Korean refugees and China would be compelled to join North Korea in repelling U.S. invasion, which could possibly end in nuclear fall-out.
In summary, it is understandable that North Korea would want to protect itself by arming itself with nuclear weapons. It is also understandable that the U.S. would want North Korea to comply with the 1994 Agreed Framework because of North Korea’s possible inclination to spread communism or even sell these weapons to other countries or terrorist organizations. Bringing China into this situation is important because of their influence in the region and their economic influence over North Korea. A solution to this problem can not be foreseen without the inclusion of China.